Hypertension is a most frequent cause medical consultations is defined by: systolic blood pressure>140mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure >90mmHg.
More than 90% of patients have primary, essential or undetectable hypertension. This is, as a rule, multifactorial. Only about 8% of patients have identifiable causes for their hypertension and potentially treatable, namely:
- Cases of endocrine-metabolic diseases (hyperaldosteronism, pheochromocytoma, Cushing's syndrome, among others);
- Heart disease and rescular diseases Coartation of the aorta
- Medication (case of oral contraceptives)
- Sleep apnea syndrome.
It is advisable, in the case of healthy adults, to measure blood pressure at least once a year. In the population with associated risk factors - obesity, diabetes mellitus, smokers or with a family history of cardiovascular disease - there should be a more frequent control and according to medical indications. Hypertension has no symptoms and, therefore, often its diagnosis is late and may already have more serious consequences.
The increase in blood pressure has an important effect on the development of Cardiovascular Disease, it is a recognized risk factor for Cardiovascular and Renal morbidity and mortality. Thus, interventions on lifestyle should be the first step in the prevention and treatment of Arterial Hypertension, namely: adopt a varied diet, nutritionally balanced, avoiding the consumption of foods with a lot of salt and alcoholic beverages; practice, on a regular basis, physical exercise, 30 to 60 minutes, four to seven days a week; control weight and, if you smoke, stop smoking. The maintenance of this care, associated with regular blood pressure monitoring, are essential for maintaining a healthy life.
For support, advice or any clarification on Hypertension and its prevention or treatment, schedule a General and Family Medicine consultation