In Portugal, over 50% of the population is overweight (pre-obesity + obesity). Considered by the World Health Organization as an epidemic, obesity, negatively affects our longevity and quality of life.
Excess weight is an important risk factor for the development and / or worsening of other pathologies, such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, some types of cancer, among others.
Excess weight is defined by an excess of adipose tissue (fat) in relation to lean mass (muscle, bones and organs), in a proportion that can affect health.
From the point of view of fat distribution, excess weight is divided into two types:
Ginoide: is characterized by a pear-shaped body, with a greater accumulation of fat below the waist. It is more common in women, has less impact on cardiovascular risk than male obesity, being more associated with the appearance of varicose veins and joint diseases.
Android: with the fat located in the waist and upper body, it is associated with an apple-shaped body. More frequent in men, it can favor the onset of diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases.
In the weight loss consultation, the approach to the treatment of excess weight is based on the specificities of each case, with the following objectives:
Intervene in a timely and effective manner
Develop a disease treatment plan
Implement preventive measures.